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The History of Munich, Germany
The earliest documentary evidence linked to Munich dates back to 1158. Nearly twenty (20) years later, it became a fortified city.
Otto I Wittelsbach became Duke of Bavaria in 1180, with the Bishop of Freisling taking over governance of Munich. The Wittelsbach Dynasty ruled over Bavaria until the early 20th century.
Back to 1240, Munich was returned under Otto II Wittelsbach’s rulership and when Bavaria was eventually divided, the Duke of Upper Bavaria had his residence in Munich.
After his election as German king, to being to being the Holy Emperor of Rome in 1328, Duke Louis IV empowered the city financially. The enlargement of the Old Town Hall and construction of Frauenkirche were clear evidence of 15th century gothic art renaissance.
By 1506, the split halves of Bavaria were re-united, and the new capital was Munich. Munich became the hub for the renaissance movements and the counter-reformation.
Duke Wilheim V added fillip to the counter-reformation when he launched the Jesuit Michaelkirche, and he was also responsible for constructing the Hofbräuhaus brewery.
The brewery’s specialty was in the production of brown beer. By 1609, the Catholic League was formed in Munich.
During the Thirty Years War of the 17th century, the Duke of Bavaria, Maximilian I was chosen as the Prince Elector, and so, the city became an electoral residence.
Shortly after, the city was succumbed to the might of Gustav II Adolph. Two to three years after his taking over, disaster struck.
The Bubonic Plague came, wiping out approximately a third of the city’s populace. At the point the Bavarians electors where in charge of the city, there was a boom in the baroque art styles, even if this boom was disrupted during the 1704 and 1742 Habsburg occupation.
By 1806, Munich became the Bavarian Kingdom’s capital city. The city became the seat of the Bavarian parliament and the seat of archdiocese of Munich and Freising.
It took only two decades after for the Landshut University to move over to the city of Munich. Most of the city’s landmark structures were constructed during this period.
Arts and culture developed in leaps and bounds during the era of Luitpold as regent of Munich.
During World War 1, things became tough for the residents of Munich. Food and other supplies were scarce, and the city was struck by a wave of French attacks.
The political structure of the city was shaky even after the war was over and just before the revolution of 1918, Ludwig III escaped from the city.
The next year, the Bavarian Soviet Republic came into being. The polity of the city remained unstable, and out of the blues came a certain Adolf Hitler.
In 1923, Hitler was arrested after his failed attempt at bringing down the government. Nevertheless, the city became a major stronghold of the Nazi Party. The city was also the operational headquarters of the students’ revolutionary movement, the White Rose.
The city also came under heavy bombardment during the Second World War.
Following the original masterplan, the city was reconstructed after WW2 and hosted the 1972 Olympic Games.
The city has witnessed tremendous growth ever since and is rated in the Top Ten cities ranking and one of the most expensive cities in the world but with the cheapest airfare rates.
It also has very low crime rate and is often called Toytown by locals because of this unbelievable qualities.
30042011—The history of Munich, by Nicole Heinrich of Copenhagen
Copyright 2008— 2011 All rights reserved
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